How does talent become passion? How does passion result in creative expressions?
“The presence of talent is not sufficient. Many people have more than one talent, and wonder what to do with them.”
Jane Piirto, Ph.D. continues in her book Talented Children and Adults, “What is the impetus, what is the reason, for one talent taking over and capturing the passion and commitment of the person who has the talent?
“A useful explanation comes from Socrates, who described the inspiration of the Muse… Carl Jung (1965) described the passion that engrosses; depth psychologist James Hillman described the presence of the daimon in creative lives.”
She considers this passion and inspiration “the thorn, because it bothers, it pricks, it causes obsession until it has its way, until the person with the talent begins to work on developing that talent.”
The idea of the daimonic has multiple meanings, “from befitting a demon and fiendish, to motivated by a spiritual force or genius and inspired.
It can also mean (as a literary term) the unrest that exists in us all which forces us into the unknown, leading to self-destruction and/or self-discovery.” [From the Wikipedia page on the Daimonic.]
Two Kinds of Passion
A summary of this video notes:
“Passion is essential. It’s what drives us to manifest our skills and talents, creating real change in the world. But not all passions are created equal, says cognitive psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman.
“Understanding the difference between “harmonious passion” and “obsessive passion” — one is driven by intrinsic reward; the other, extrinsic — will help guide us toward making truly fulfilling choices.”
Read more, including transcript, in post: There Are Two Kinds of Passion: One You Should Follow, One You Shouldn’t, Big Think, March 4, 2016.
Psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman is Scientific Director of The Imagination Institute in the Positive Psychology Center at the University of Pennsylvania, and author of books including Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined and co-author with Carolyn Gregoire of Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind.
Feeling a creative passion isn’t always sweetness and joy, as actor Alfre Woodard once commented:
“I didn’t discover I was an artist until I was 17… It was very hard to be an artist and a child… it was like having sand up your butt when you go to the beach.”
Taking responsibility for what you’re feeling
Actor Jenna Elfman commented in an interview about how some, even many people respond to being intense or passionate:
“If you’re passionate, people get suspicious. It’s much cooler and safer to show nothing and be glib, because if you’re not showing anything, no one can nail you.
“That reflects a really low responsibility level in my opinion, and it’s not the way we’re gonna change things on this planet. If you’re passionate, you take responsibility for being what you’re feeling.”
Read more in post: Gifted, Talented People: Too Passionate?
A calling from the daimonic
James Hillman writes about the importance of this “unrest” of passion: “We hunger for that… it’s only American psychology that hasn’t got that myth, the myth of calling, destiny.
“As I say, Mormons, West Africans, Buddhists, Hindus, Kabbalists all have that.
“The shamanistic cultures, the American Indian cultures all had this idea that you have a reason to be here.
“You are a unique creature and this is not just genetic, or where you are in your family, first son or third daughter, or something, all that kind of causal thinking drops away.
“I think it’s something people can feel as — I hate the word — empowering, but at least affirming.”
James Hillman is author of The Soul’s Code: In Search of Character and Calling.
The daimon can overwhelm
But on the way to being affirming, the daimonic may be overwhelming, as Carl Jung commented (quotes paraphrased):
“There was a daimon in me, and in the end its presence proved decisive. It overpowered me, and if I was at times ruthless it was because I was in the grip of the daimon…
“A creative person has little power over their own life. They are not free, but captive and driven by their daimon.”
Psychologist Rollo May noted “the daimonic (unlike the demonic, which is merely destructive) is as much concerned with creativity as with negative reactions…
“Constructiveness and destructiveness have the same source in human personality. The source is simply human potential.”
[From my interview with Stephen A. Diamond, PhD: The Psychology of Creativity.]
The daimon as animal
One of the elements of the movie The Golden Compass that I found really interesting and exciting was the depiction of a person’s daimon as an aware and verbal animal, such as the big cat of Lord Asriel (Daniel Craig) in the photo.
Gifted women and the lost daimon
Jean Houston thinks “Essence is neither a place nor a time, an insight or a state of mind. It is the deepest part of our nature, an actual presence that is innate and inborn.
“Sometimes it wears a personal face and a form and manifests as an image to our mind’s eye. When it does, some call it a daimon; others an angel. In its incorporeal form, still others think of it as the soul.”
[From essay Of Butterflies and Essence.]
Dr. Houston also commented in our interview about blocking talent in high ability, gifted women:
“Often what happens is that they do a lot of things very well, and their essential self, what I call the daimon, the essence of who and what they are, gets lost in the process… they lose their essential nature, and their entelechy.. the dynamic purposiveness in their life.”
It takes more
Of course, it takes more than simply feeling passionate about something.
The elements of experience, focus and persistence are also crucial for leading a fulfilling and creative life.
And many people may find the advice to “Find your passion” to be useless or even fearful.
Author Daniel Pink has said, “I find that question very daunting: What’s your passion? I find that almost paralyzing, in a way.
“I find it less paralyzing to say, What are you interested in doing next?”
See more, including video, in post: It takes more than feeling passionate.
The impersonal daimon
In his article Angels and Daimons, Patrick Harpur writes, “while the personal daimon is exactly that – personal – it is also always grounded in the impersonal and unknowable depths of the psyche.
“It is also, in other words, a manifestation of the Anima Mundi, or Soul of the World – as the case of Plotinus, the first and greatest of the Neoplatonic philosophers, makes clear.”
Patrick Harpur is author of Daimonic Reality: A Field Guide to the Otherworld.
Resisting society’s pull
Being inspired by a muse or daimon, to realize our talents has personal meaning and value of course – but also social.
An editorial review of the book The Undiscovered Self by Carl Jung says the author “argues that the future depends on our ability to resist society’s mass movements.
“Only by understanding our unconscious inner nature – ‘the undiscovered self’ – can we gain the self-knowledge that is antithetical to ideological fanaticism. But this requires facing the duality of the human psyche – the existence of good and evil in us all.”
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Painting: Kiss of the Muse by Paul Cezanne, also used in my post Creative talent: genetics, a muse, or hard work?
The other muse image is from Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture, #70 Muses
Books by Jane Piirto:
Some related articles:
In Praise of Positive Obsessions, by Eric Maisel, PhD